What causes disease in the mouth?

This is complicated and includes factors such as age, genetics, lifestyle factors and the social and environmental influences.


Common oral diseases

The major diseases that cause poor oral health for people are:

Tooth decay and gum disease are both chronic (long-term) conditions. Meaning they cannot be cured, but need to be managed on a daily basis.

There are also a number of other mouth conditions.

Key factors

While some influences on oral health we have little control over (eg age), there are definitely things we can do everyday which reduce the risk of disease in the mouth.

Oral health can be a balance between things that protect and things that increase the risk of oral disease.

Some of the key factors that influence a person’s oral health include: